If you are experiencing any of the following symptoms you might need to seek treatment from a neurologist:
- coordination problems
- muscle weakness
- a change in sensation
People who are having problems with their senses may also need to see a neurologist. Problems with senses are sometimes caused by nervous system disorders.
Neurologists also treat patients experiencing:
- seizure disorders, such as epilepsy
- multiple sclerosis
- neuromuscular disorders, such as myasthenia gravis
- infections of the nervous system, including encephalitis, meningitis, or brain abscesses
- neurodegenerative disorders, such as Lou Gehrig’s disease and Alzheimer’s disease
- spinal cord disorders, including inflammatory and autoimmune disorders
- headaches, such as cluster headaches and migraines
Typical neurological procedures
A neurological exam tests muscle strength, reflexes, and coordination. Since different disorders can have similar symptoms, your neurologist may need more testing to make a diagnosis. Neurologists may use other types of tests, as well. Although they may not perform the test, they may order it, review it, and interpret the results.
To make a diagnosis, a neurologist may use the following:
- computed tomography, or CT scan
- Electroencephalogram, or EEG
- magnetic resonance imaging, or MRI scan
- positron emission tomography, or PET scan
Other diagnostic procedures include sleep studies and angiography.
Your neurologist may help you manage your symptoms and neurological disorder alone, or with your primary care physician and other specialists.